According to the American Urological Association, urology is a surgical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
The American Urological Association has identified seven subspecialty areas:
- Pediatric Urology
- Urologic Oncology (cancer)
- Renal Transplantation
- Male Infertility
- Calculi (urinary tract stones)
- Female Urology (urinary incontinence and pelvic outlet relaxation disorders)
- Neurourology (voiding disorders, urodynamic evaluation of patients, and erectile dysfunction or impotence).